Ontario’s EV Support Program Is On The Money

This post was jointly written by Cara Clairman, President and CEO, Plug’n Drive, with Keith Brooks, Programs Director at Environmental Defence, a Canadian environmental organization working towards a greener, healthier and prosperous life for all.

plugging-inOntario’s five-year Climate Change Action Plan, released last year, contains over 80 actions that the province will pursue as it fights climate change. Among the actions listed is a rebate program offering incentives of up to $14,000 towards the purchase of an electric car. Putting dollars into electric cars makes a lot of sense.

Transportation is the largest source of carbon pollution in Ontario, and personal vehicles are the largest contributor to those emissions. The surest way to reduce emissions from personal transportation is to electrify the vehicle fleet – which will bring big climate benefits in Ontario because the province’s electricity sector is almost completely decarbonized, thanks to the coal phase-out.

And one of the most effective ways to get people into electric cars is by offering incentives.

Forecasts for Electric Vehicle (EV) sales are being adjusted up dramatically as automakers work feverishly to roll out affordable electric cars with longer ranges, intended to compete with the Chevy Bolt – the car of the year – and Tesla’s much anticipated Model 3. But, many of these cars are still a few years away, as is some of the infrastructure needed to support a mass move from internal combustion engines to electric vehicles.

But there are still very good reasons to propel EV sales forward now. You have to begin somewhere to build momentum, which is what’s happening in Norway. Today, less than 5% of cars in Norway are electric, but the country’s transport minister said it is realistic for Norway to end the sales of fossil fuel powered cars by 2025. According to the Economist Magazine, fiscal incentives, not an outright ban, will bring this about. Knowing that, Ontarians should be happy to learn that this province offers the most generous incentives of any jurisdiction in North America.


There are other reasons for Ontario to support electric cars. For one, unlike oil and gas, low carbon electricity is made here in Ontario and spending on electricity comes back to Ontario in the form of local infrastructure and local jobs. Plus, Ontario has a surplus of electricity at night right now, which we sometimes export at a loss. It would make more sense to use that low-carbon power here – to benefit the environment and our own economy, which is why Ontario’s Climate Action Plan also plans to offer free overnight charging for electric cars.

The move to electric vehicles will also bring health benefits, just as the coal phase-out did. A recent report from the American Lung Association of California found that cars are responsible for $37 billion in health and climate costs each year. Moving to electric cars, the study found, would make a huge dent in that.

One of the criticisms of Ontario’s EV incentive program is that luxury vehicles that few can afford receive subsidies up to the $14,000 maximum. Given that the program’s aim is to increase the number of EVs on the road, it makes sense to offer incentives for cars of various price ranges. And when measured in percentage terms, the incentive program is progressive relative to car price. The province offers almost 50% for the least expensive EV, almost 40% for fairly affordable ones like the Nissan Leaf, and about 15% or less for luxury vehicles. And there are some very high priced cars that get no incentive.


It’s also worth noting that Ontario’s subsidies are now being paid for from revenue from the cap-and-trade program – not from taxes – which also makes a lot of sense. Carbon pricing alone isn’t enough to fight climate change. And while there are those who argue that carbon pricing should be revenue neutral, the reality is that the most effective way to reduce emissions is to recycle the revenue back into reducing GHGs.

Subsides for electric cars won’t be needed forever. Electric cars prices are coming down, and EVs will win the future, which is why forecasts for EV sales are being boosted. Bloomberg estimates that EVs will cost the same as fossil-fueled cars by 2022. But subsidies are needed for now.

And if you want to dispute subsidies, we suggest taking issue with the subsidies given out to oil and gas companies, which are much larger than those for electric cars, and which folks at Bloomberg have called “the world’s dumbest policy.” Subsides to oil and gas work against carbon pricing. EV subsidies, on the other hand, will act as a complement to carbon pricing and, as such, they belong in Ontario’s Climate Change Action Plan.


I’m going to miss “range anxiety”

Mitsubishi i-MiEV Front.fw

A Blog by Ron Groves, Plug’n Drive’s Manager of Education and Outreach

One of the thrills of being an early adopter is the adventure of  pioneering something new!

Five years ago, the first electric and plug-in hybrid cars came to the market in Canada from General Motors, Mitsubishi and Nissan. These early EVs led the way in advanced battery technology, all-new power electronics, standardised plug connectors and many other advances that harnessed electricity as a transportation fuel.

Some would argue that these new EVs were odd looking, others couldn’t understand the benefit of “re-fuelling” at home. But most could identify the difference between electric range and gas range. 100 to 150 kms of electric range vs. 600 kms on a tank of Dino- juice was too big a gap for most drivers to get their head around.

In those early days, our family had the use of an all electric Mitsubishi i-MiEV‎ with an average range of about 120 kms. When I told my friends about the wonder of driving without fossil fuel they thought that was a great idea. But when I mentioned the i-MiEV’s range they smiled politely and quietly scratched their heads in bemusement as to how useful I was going to find such a vehicle.

Admittedly, the spunky i-MiEV my wife named ‘Sparky’ took some getting used to, but with careful planning, travelling around Toronto was pretty easy. Then winter hit and that is when the term “range anxiety” was probably first coined. The smallish 16 kWh battery lost 1/3 of its range in the cold and that is without the heater on.

It was then that the pioneering spirit of early adopters kicked-in so we could get where we were going. We learned to preheat the car’s interior when connected to the grid using the Dick Tracy remote on the key chain. Bum warmers were mandatory and allowed for warm backside, frozen nose driving using the defroster sparingly to see out the windshield. ‎Most EVs in the day had an Eco Mode that cut back power for greater range at the cost of some performance. I hated it! I preferred the max regenerative Braking Mode that fed precious electrons back into the battery every time I braked or went downhill.

All EVs have some form of driving coach built into the dash to help the driver learn habits that saved energy. Our eyes never strayed from the i-MiEV’s bright red needle that swung from “power” to “charge” as you drove. That little ‘Sparky’ had the best energy coach I ever drove.  Today I can get into any EV and easily hit or exceed the max range of the battery because of the stingy energy habits I learned driving with ‘Sparky’.

Which brings me to today and the EVs our family drives now. The Nissan LEAF with a 30 kWh battery and almost 200 kms of range, the BMW i3 with a 33 kWh battery and an easy 200 kms of range.‎ As the Monty python skit goes, “Luxury!”. We don’t give range hardly a thought. These EVs accommodate 90% of our family’s driving needs.

I’m going to share with you a story from this past weekend. My wife and I accepted an invite to a friend’s cottage for the day; a 90 minute drive away. This would be all highway, hot summer driving with AC on. And we were coming back the same day. There are no DC Quick chargers on our route (by next year there will be 200 across Ontario). We would be able to plug-in at the cottage and charge at 110 volts. This would recover about 8 kms per hour. We were there for eight hours. So while we swam, ate, boated, sunbathed and generally did cottage stuff, ‘Fritz’ (the electric i3) noshed away on electrons from our friends cottage. That evening we unplugged, set the cruise for 110, and silently, electrically, wooshed our way home. “Range anxiety”? Hah! It’s banished from the lexicon as new and better technology takes centre stage.

You will recall I said that these latest EVs can handle 90% of my family’s driving needs. The last 10% is not going to come from the vehicle but from the electric refuelling infrastructure being installed across Ontario (and Canada) as we speak. Able to recharge an EV battery in 30 minutes or less, these stations will give EVs the same range capability as gas cars.

So it looks like my adventurous EV pioneering days are over. Sadly, I will have to find another outlet that challenges me to push barriers and seek new truths because driving an EV and getting to my destination worry free has become as easy as getting the groceries, as simple as driving downtown, as convenient as talking on the phone, as comfortable as driving to Grandma’s…. ah, you get the idea. Fill in your own example…

BMW i3 Front.fw

Our Ludicrous Idea


A guest Blog from Silke – TeslaXCanada 

You all know how difficult it can be to follow up on a ‘ludicrous’ idea, but that’s exactly what my husband Rolf and I are doing this summer. If we learned one thing from our inspiration, Elon Musk, is that ‘ludicrous’ doesn’t mean impossible.

So, here we are, a few weeks away from our cross Canada trip in our 100% electric Tesla Model X towing a camping trailer with a solar panel roof. We are hoping to increase awareness and inspire people to switch to sustainable energy, such as solar, and sustainable transportation, such as 100% electric cars. Our motto: “Because future generations need our voice and our actions NOW!”

Our recent 15,000 km round trip in our Tesla Model S from Victoria British Columbia to Fort Lauderdale, Florida and back was a test run in more ways than one. Never having done social media or drone videography before, we faced and completed some challenging tasks and learned a lot in the process. 15,000 km in a 100% electric car later, we are almost ready to leave British Columbia for the second time and head East across Canada to Newfoundland. All we need now need is our Model X.

Rolf has been busy working on the eight 100 watt solar panels on the trailer’s roof, as well as the lithium batteries and inverter. A test has proven that we could charge the Model X from the camping trailer’s batteries at a speed of 6 km/hour. I have been busy spreading the word about our trip and organizing our participation in the Victoria Day Parade on May 23 as part of the Victoria EV Club’s electric car convoy.

Along our way across Canada, we hope to meet with lots of people, discussing their view of electric cars and solar energy, answering questions, sharing our experience with EV camping, showing that driving a 100% electric car over great distances is doable and fun and maybe even inspire others to follow in our footsteps.

We will face two major challenges on our trip across Canada – two that we are aware of, that is ;-). One unknown is the effect on driving range that towing our trailer will have. Second, there are no superchargers between Red Deer Alberta and the Great Lakes. We will rely heavily on Sun Country Highway chargers, other EV chargers and camp ground electricity. That also means that we really have no idea how far we can get per day. We do want to take it slow, though, since this is supposed to be a vacation, a trip that has been on our bucket list for many years. (We just never thought we would end up doing it in an electric car!). We want to enjoy and show off our beautiful country, our home of choice, that we love so much. Not to forget, I’m looking forward to some beautiful dog walks for our dog and co-pilot Kye.

A few places that we already know we want to visit are Red Deer and Drumheller in Alberta, Yorkton in Saskatchewan, Niagara Falls, Toronto and probably Windsor in Ontario, Saint-Nicolas in Quebec and, of course, Cavendish in the Prince Edward Islands. With regard to other places, we hope to hear from locals about the places they think are extraordinary and a must-see. We are going to cover our trip via our Blog TeslaXCanada.com, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube. Please, do not hesitate to get in touch with us with regard to questions, suggestions, or anything else you would like to share with us; and, please, let the world know about our ‘ludicrous’ idea! Thank you!

Rolf, Silke and dog Kye


Tragedy of the Commons


Written By: Ron Groves – Manager of Education and Outreach – Plug’n Drive

Wikipedia: Tragedy of the Commons – “An economic theory of a situation within a shared-resource system where individual users act independently and rationally according to their own self-interests and behave contrary to the common good of all users by depleting the resource.”

I want to give a nod to an article I read in CleanTechnica describing a social behaviour known as the “tragedy of the commons”. This term was being used to describe Tesla owners who abused their ability to charge for free at Tesla Superchargers that are close to home.

The idea of the Superchargers is, of course, to enable long distance travel, not to provide free local charging that could be done at home or the workplace. Just because a Tesla owner can use a local Supercharger, it doesn’t mean they should. This behaviour is “contrary to the common good of all users” which, in this case, is limited parking spaces at the Superchargers, not to mention the extra electricity being paid for by Tesla. Tesla knows who the abusers are and sent out politely worded letters asking these owners to charge at home.

Letter to Tesla Owner

As I read this article, another example of behaving contrary to the common good came to mind.

This past March the auto industry had it’s best sales month EVER! And what led sales? Pick-up trucks. Specifically, the Ford F150.

Now, I’m not knocking Ford. They’re building what customers demand, but step back for a second and ask yourself, do people really “need” these trucks? Are there that many contractors and farmers hauling tools and materials on a daily basis? Of course not, but people still aspire to buy a pick-up truck anyway.

For as long as anyone can remember, the automotive marketing machine has moulded our aspirations to believe that bigger = better. More horsepower, larger wheels, more towing capacity, seats more people, on and on. If you have more, “you’ve made it”. When you drive your truck down the road everyone knows that you can afford the biggest, baddest vehicle on the planet.

Back to the tragedy of the commons, just because you can do something, it doesn’t mean you should. Seven passenger minivans with 4 people in the family…  two ton all-wheel drive sports utilities that never go off road… pristine pick-up trucks that never work a day in their life… The list goes on.

The carbon footprint created by these massive vehicles is off the charts.  The raw materials, energy and time needed to build and maintain them is astronomical. All so that one person can get around the planet at their leisure.

The terrible impact burning fossil fuels has on the climate and our health is crushing. Those who who buy these ego-enhancers just to get around shouldn’t be cast as successful and ambitious social climbers, but as a greedy and ignorant socio-paths who refuse to acknowledge the damage they cause for the rest of us.

It once was cool to smoke. Not any more. It was once was cool to drive home drunk and brag about it the next day. Not any more. It once was cool to drive a pick-up truck. Well, I hate to be a killjoy, but not any more.

Tesla Model 3 – Unveiling!


On March 31, 2016, Tesla Motors unveiled the Model 3, the third step in a not-so-secret “Master Plan”, to which Elon Musk has referred to on many occasions.  The first step was the Roadster, a low volume, high-priced sports car.  The second step was the higher volume, lower-priced Model S and Model X. But the goal of the company has always been to make a difference with a high volume and affordable electric car — the Model 3.

What Makes This Different?

Who would stay up late at night to watch a live internet broadcast of the unveiling of a new car?  Moreover, who would plunk down a deposit to reserve a vehicle before it has even launched? Even the casual observer noticed that something different was happening with the Model 3.

First, the reveal didn’t occur during an auto show, but at an exclusive, invitation only, Tesla event.  Second, was social media. Tesla Motors has a Facebook following of almost 1.4 million people and a Twitter following of about one million @TeslaMotors and over 3.6 million @ElonMusk.  This provided an excellent base from which to publicize the Model 3 reveal. To add to the anticipation, the company took a page from the Apple play-book, allowing in-person pre-orders of the vehicle in stores before reservations could be made on-line, which meant line-ups.


However, the real difference isn’t that Tesla makes cars and not iPhones, nor that it makes electric cars. and not gas cars. The real difference is that in just a few days, over a quarter million people have voted with their deposits to support what Tesla represents. It’s a statement of belief that Tesla is doing the right thing, which, if traced back to Tesla’s mission, is: “To accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy.”

This mission resonates with people around the world.  Tesla’s focus on producing some of the world’s best vehicles has proven that electric transportation can be practical, efficient and appealing.  The commitment to build two global charging networks to support their vehicles, Tesla Supercharger and Tesla Destination, is nothing short of brilliant. Tesla is also building an enormous battery factory in Nevada, which will supply the massive quantity of batteries needed to build its target of 500,000 electric vehicles per year.

All of these things make Tesla Motors a different kind of auto-maker. What some critics will raise as a shortcoming — offering only a small line-up of zero-emission electric vehicles — could actually be the company’s biggest advantage.  There is a singular focus and steadfast commitment to the product, technology and ultimate mission of the company that no other auto-maker embraces.

What makes the Model 3 so special?

Now that the vehicle has been revealed, we know more about appearance, performance and range. But there are still more details to come. So reservation holders and those still on the fence, can anticipate “Part-2” of the Model 3 reveal sometime before the target production launch at the end of 2017.  For now, this is what we know:

  • Have a total range at least 344 km
  • Accelerate 0-100 km/h in 6 seconds
  • Offer seating for 5 adults
  • Provide superior cargo handling with front and rear trunks
  • Include Supercharging capability
  • Include Autopilot hardware and safety features
  • Have a starting price of $35,000 USD (Canadian Price hasn’t been disclosed)

As for the design, the vehicle appears to be as beautifully sculpted as the Model S.  While watching one of the live streams of the unveil event, I was initially unsure about the lines from certain angles.  But after viewing several more videos and numerous photos from the event, the more I saw, the more I liked.  Why was I among the hordes of streamers bogging down the internet that night? Put simply, I believe that Tesla is changing the world.  I wanted to be a part of it.  And if I could, I wanted to help.


Until the vehicle has been finalized, we won’t know which features will make it into production:

  • Will it still have an all glass panoramic roof for superior headroom?
  • Will it retain the controversial floating 15″ centre-mounted user interface?
  • Will it achieve the promised 5-star safety rating in all categories?

Of course, we will all have to decide for ourselves about appearance.  But at this stage, it certainly seems that Tesla has designed another home-run. I didn’t wait to place my deposit.  Did you?

Inline image 1

You can’t see Electrons, but you can track them.

A guest blog by Plug’n Drive outreach coordinator, Emile Stevens. Emile Stevens is also the brains behind Emileage Inc.

A question we often get asked is what happens when my electric car is fully charged. Although it’s possible and sometimes convenient to manually start and stop charging via your smartphone, it’s not required.  Once charging is completed, the session automatically ends.  Some EVs offer the ability to set charging timers.

Regarding tracking costs, there are a number of ways to do this.  Depending on the vehicle, there may be a summary available on a display in the car of kWh of electricity consumed.  But this may not be an entirely accurate way to track your energy usage for charging at home, due to small efficiency losses and since you might also charge your car elsewhere, from time to time.

Network connectivity and monitoring is often a feature of commercial charging installations.  But some home charging stations do offer the ability to track energy consumption.  For example, a new product from ChargePoint is wi-fi enabled and thus offers the ability to track and monitor energy usage of your electric vehicle. Our partner Autochargers is currently taking orders for this new Home charging station.


Some automakers also offer specialized charging solutions for their vehicles that are capable of providing energy usage details along with other advanced features.  For example, BMW offers their iWallBox Pro solution which can automatically notify you of your electricity consumption via e-mail.


Most home charging stations are basic units which simply provide a safe and reliable way to charge your EV.  However, it’s possible to have your electrician install a separate meter to measure the amount of electricity used by your vehicle.  There are a number of products which offer this ability.  (For example, EKM Metering, Leviton Sub-meters and Sun Country Highway), which can work for any charging station. You could also install a whole home energy monitor.

Finally, if you typically only charge at home using the 120V cord-set that comes with every EV, then a simpler solution might be a device like the Kill-A-Watt meter, which plugs in between your cord-set and wall-receptacle to track usage.


Keep in mind that on average, the typical electrical cost to charge an EV using off-peak rates, is approximately $30/month.  This varies based on distance driven, your local utility rates, etc.

Emile Stevens

California to Alberta: The story of a Chevrolet Spark EV owner

Ryan Stanfield next to his Chevrolet Spark EV
Ryan Stanfield next to his Chevrolet Spark EV

An EV Owners Blog from Ryan Stanfield

Ryan Stanfield is the proud owner of a Chevrolet Spark EV and a member of the EV Owners Club of Canada. Recently, we caught up with Ryan and had a chat about life as an EV driver and he had quite the story to tell.

Ryan was in the market for a vehicle below the $30,000 threshold with the best performance and driving range and settled on the Spark EV. At the time, the Spark EV wasn’t available in Canada, so Ryan went to California to purchase it. After the papers were signed and with keys in hand, Ryan needed to get his Spark EV over the Canadian border and what better way to do that than to drive.

So, Ryan set out on his Spark EV road trip. To put things in perspective, California to Alberta is a 2,900 km trip that takes close to 23 hours of straight driving. Of course, that kind of range just isn’t possible in an EV without stopping to charge along the way. In total the trip took Ryan nine days to complete.

Despite range limitations, Ryan is a converted EV driver for life. The savings on fuel alone cover Ryan’s lease, (that’s like driving a free car!), and he has left behind the clunk, noise and crude vibrations of a gas engine forever.

As a member of the EV Owners Club of Canada, Ryan feels the most important thing EV drivers can do right now is spread awareness, because once drivers get behind the wheel of an EV, there’s no turning back. What follows are some excerpts from Ryan’s EV experience road trip journal.

Day Two – Breaking records and laws

It was a rainy day in Bakersfield, California, which set the tone. First, I had to pick up my car from another hotel that I parked at a couple miles away. I was trying to stay on the cheap side if I could, but hotels were a necessary evil. After getting a lift to my car, I drove it back to the hotel where I was staying and loaded up.

I didn’t think this would be the case, but Day Two would be my record setting day in terms of the number of miles driven. There were two fast chargers on my route spaced about 100 miles apart. Also, Hwy. 99 North runs through a central valley that is very flat with a slight downhill slope. Needless to say, my driving efficiency was quite high and the weather was decent most of the way. In total, I needed to stop four times, twice at Level 3 and twice at Level 2.

For the Level 2 stops, it’s not that hard to find a place to hang out at like Starbucks, a restaurant or inside a dealership. I had built up a significant amount of grading over the last couple of weeks, so spent a lot of my time taking marking. If you feel like driving has become too mundane, I assure you that getting an EV will quench your appetite for crunching numbers and there’ll rarely be a time for a dull moment on your long distance trip.

Although I did have a record setting day in mileage (about 515 km), the victory was dulled by an unfortunate traffic stop. Less than a mile away from my exit in Atwater, a CHP officer pulled me over for not driving with my headlights at dusk. The sun had set at about 4:45 pm and the officer pulled me over just before 5:00 pm. I angrily had a subway sandwich while my car quick charged and carried on.

The rest of the evening went off without a hitch. Despite having to brave some heavy rains in Sacremento, I was able to make it to my destination in Willows, California by about 11:30 pm.

Day 5 – Supercharger Heaven

I was most looking forward to this day because I had the most quick charging stops along the way (Salem, Portland and Arlington). Fast charging for EVs is a real game changer, making long distance travel possible. Waiting for 30 minutes isn’t bad; grab a cup of coffee, walk around, grab a snack, use the restroom, etc. and your car is ready to go.

The first stop into Salem was probably my closest call of the day. I had only 2 miles of range left when I arrived. A few folks who were at the motor pool where the charger was located commented on how few people they had seen using it; either as a consequence of how fast it is, or perhaps it was in a location that many did not see fit to put a fast charger.

The common practice of placing these chargers is in the most heavily populated areas, which makes sense in the economic short term for the charging equipment provider, but in the long term it doesn’t really do anything. After all, for around town trips, a fast charging station isn’t necessary and Level 2 is more than enough.

My next stop was Portland. Portland hipsters wish they were as trendy as me in forgoing convenience during this road trip. Someone else was plugged in at the dual standard SAE Combo/CHAdeMO station. I tried out a trendy pizza shoppe while my Spark charged. I wish I could have stayed longer in Portland, but the dynamic of fast charging on long road trips means I needed to move on quickly.

About an hour and a half down the road, East of Portland, I arrived at my next stop. I remember being very flustered about the legalities of importing my car into Canada. I thought I needed to officially import it, but I later found out that this was not necessary because of my temporary residence status provided by my student visa. After a rather long stay at Starbucks, I headed over to the last stop in Arlington for my final quick charge, which I might add, is a perfect place for one. I ended the day in Richland, WA, where my journey would start slowing down.

Day 8 – The Canadian Rockies

Heading into Canada, I noticed a distinct temperature drop of three to four degrees. This would most likely continue as I climbed into the more mountainous regions of Canada. Temperatures would mostly be below zero from here on.

Because of the extreme weather and sparse charging infrastructure, long distance travelling in Canada is a touch more difficult, but possible and I made it. Nine days later a trip that should have taken two days was over. Range limitation is a very real thing when driving EV, but all it takes is a little creativity and patience.